Impact of Various Drugs on the Brain

Dual diagnosis or co-occurring disorders is a big pain. When there is a substance abuse problem and a concurrent mental illness, it is called dual diagnosis. The predicament of a person identified with dual diagnosis is more than those who have only an addiction problem or just a mental disorder. The dual diagnosis treatment, touted among the best in the country, witnesses numerous such cases when an individual is both an addict and a mental patient.

Each drug has immediate and long-term effects. Here, we take a look at the effects of various drugs on the brain and psyche:

Cannabis: It is also known as marijuana, weed, dope or skunk, and is abused extensively by people. The short-term impacts of smoking marijuana include delusions and difficulty in remembering. It can also result in paranoia and anxiety attacks. What is taken as a means to get high often results in confusion and memory problem.

People abusing cannabis for over a period may end up with mental problems like schizophrenia, depression and psychosis. For those who have a family history of these mental conditions, cannabis can severely hasten things.

LSD and magic mushrooms: These drugs are highly hallucinogenic and capable of inflicting both long-term and short-term damage to an individual. Sounds and sights become blurry after taking LSD. Long-term abusers often experience psychosis and become victims of paranoia.

Crack cocaine: Instant gratification is what cocaine provides an abuser with. One feels highly energetic, with a sudden surge in adrenaline and confidence reaching over the top. However, long-term users might end up becoming dependent on it and de-addiction requires treatment in rehabs. Withdrawal symptoms for addicts can be excruciatingly painful and could also prove to be fatal when de-addiction is tried without supervision.

Heroin (smack, diamorphine): Heroin use can substantially reduce physical and emotional pain. That is the reason why people start using heroin in the first place. But an overdose can lead to death. De-addiction is quite painful and long-term addicts tend to become patients of depression.